This report is really a compilation of state regulations and reporting demands

In 2003, any office for the Assistant Secretary for preparing and Evaluation (ASPE) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) contracted aided by the Lewin Group to explore how three federally funded programs that have connection with adolescents Title X household preparation clinics, Health Resources and solutions Administration-supported health facilities, and kid protective services address statutory rape in their customer populations. The multi-phase, descriptive research will gather details about state legislation, federal guidance to programs, and grantees and neighborhood workplaces methods. The findings can help HHS to find out if extra guidance becomes necessary.

It offers a synopsis of state rape that is statutory and reporting requirements, also a summary of legislation for every state as well as the District of Columbia. This report just isn’t designed to be described as a document that is legal. It really is made to offer information that is useful state and federal policymakers that are enthusiastic about just just how state statutes address statutory rape. In addition is supposed to act as a resource for HHS grantees.

Background

To know if statutory rape has taken place and whether it should really be reported (also to who), program staff and policy manufacturers must be knowledgeable about two sets of guidelines: unlawful and codes that are civil. The previous handles the legality of intimate tasks involving minors, as the latter defines individuals reporting obligations. In a nutshell, there’s no one size fits all legislation that guides the identification and reporting of statutory rape. Instead, there clearly was wide variation in state codes. What’s an offense that is reportable one state are outside of the purview of police force or youngster protective services an additional.

1. Criminal Laws

Criminal regulations cope with the legality of intimate functions. Statutory rape legislation assume that most intimate tasks involving people below an age that is certain coercive. This really is real regardless if both ongoing events think their involvement is voluntary. Generally speaking, statutory rape regulations define the age below which someone is legitimately not capable of consenting to sexual intercourse. To complicate issues, few states make use of the term rape that is statutory their unlawful codes. More frequently, a states rule will deal with legality of various intimate tasks involving minors ( ag e.g., intimate contact versus penetration). It is sometimes tough to determine the relevant regulations since they are usually embedded within the portion of the rule working with other intimate offenses ( e.g., sexual attack, forcible rape).

A standard myth about statutory rape is the fact that there was an individual age of which an individual may lawfully consent to activity that is sexual. In reality, just 12 states have actually an individual chronilogical age of permission; within these states, this age brackets from 16 to 18 yrs old. The age of consent depends on one or more of the following factors: age differences between the partners, the age of the victim, and the age of the defendant in the remaining states. Each is described below.

State A has an age that is single of. In this state, a man or woman under age 18 cannot permission to intercourse, regardless of chronilogical age of the other celebration. Hence, intimate relations between two 17-year-olds will be unlawful, since would relations between a 17-year-old and a 25-year-old.